How autonomous driving systems operate and possible career paths


In today’s Dissecting Technology, we’ll talk about self-driving automobiles and their potential career paths.

Self-driving cars typically use eight cameras, twelve ultrasonic sensors, and a powerful onboard software system to provide semi-autonomous capabilities on interstates and local roads. These days, many autonomous vehicles use LiDAR (light detection and ranging) instead of cameras. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) first developed LiDAR to track the positions and travel routes of satellites in orbit. LiDAR acts as a vehicle’s eyes to see in all directions, with a real-time ability to map the world in 360 degrees. It helps vehicles identify objects on or near the road to avoid collisions.

However, Tesla’s full-self-driving, on the other hand, does not make use of LiDAR as part of its ADAS strategy and requires active driver supervision. It also does not render the vehicle autonomous or hands-free.


How self-driving autonomous systems work using LiDAR

LiDAR serves as a vehicle’s eyes, allowing it to map the entire world in real-time and from all angles. In order to prevent crashes, it aids vehicles in identifying things on or near the road.

The same type of LASER utilized in commonplace applications like shop barcode scanners, light shows at concerts, home security systems, etc. is used by a LiDAR sensor.

A LiDAR sensor on a vehicle emits single light particles known as photons that strike nearby objects such as cars, pavement, trees, etc. The photons then bounce back to the sensor, which records each photon’s round trip data and calculates the distance and time to each object in the vicinity of the vehicle.

LiDAR can identify objects and their locations well before it get close to them thanks to its range of 250 to 400 meters. This enables an ADAS (Advanced Driving Assistance System) or autonomous system in the car to process the data and respond appropriately.

Careers in Self-Driving Cars

Related to autonomous vehicles, Pittsburgh sees a year-over-year job growth of 324% This is six times faster than growth in the sector nationally and significantly faster than other autonomous vehicle hubs in the U.S.

The Key Technical Jobs in Self-Driving Industry

  • Engineering Manager
  • Network Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Computer Scientist
  • UI/UX Designer/Developer
  • Software QA Engineer
  • Civil Engineer

Source: (https://www.wqed.org/future-jobs/autonomous-vehicles)

Below is a list of several well-known companies in this industry, along with links to their websites and career pages.

  1. CRUISE: https://www.getcruise.com/technology
  2. ZOOX: https://zoox.com/careers/
  3. MOTIONAL: https://motional.com/careers
  4. TESLA: https://www.tesla.com/en_AE/AI


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